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亚马逊云账号(www.2km.me)_More opportunities under 12th Malaysia Plan, gig economy to benefit

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Under the recently unveiled 12th Malaysia Plan 2021-2025 (12MP), the government has assured that it will create an ecosystem that supports the development of the gig economy to encourage the people to take full advantage of this opportunity.

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia, like many other countries, has not been spared from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is evidenced by the rising unemployment rate, which shot up to 4.5 per cent in 2020 from 3.3 per cent in 2019.

In its Graduates Statistics 2020 report, the Department of Statistics Malaysia also showed that the number of unemployed graduates jumped to 202,400 in 2020 against 165,200 in 2019.

Fortunately, the gig economy has emerged with a new opportunity, particularly for fresh graduates, to compete for jobs available not only locally but also through international platforms.

Under the recently unveiled 12th Malaysia Plan 2021-2025 (12MP), the government has assured that it will create an ecosystem that supports the development of the gig economy to encourage the people to take full advantage of this opportunity.

To improve the situation, Malaysia University of Science and Technology (MUST) professor Geoffrey Williams opined that several initiatives could be done in the 12MP, including to promote new forms of employment, new innovative companies, start-ups for graduates and a whole fresh new feel to employment post-COVID-19 crisis.

"This means liberalising markets; promoting entrepreneurs; freeing up opportunities; making life simpler for micro, small and medium enterprises; and promoting decent, well-paid jobs with good work-life balance and long-term flexibility and security in a whole new future of work,” he told Bernama when contacted recently.

Apart from that, he said, social pensions and social insurance with help from the government and companies should be added to safeguard the welfare of gig workers.

Asked what should the government focus on while creating the ecosystem as mentioned in the 12MP, Williams noted that it is important to not allow unemployment and underemployment to become the norm.

Taking Europe and the United States in the 1980s for example, he said unemployment had become a structural problem for decades.

"We must avoid this, as we can see it is not so much that graduates lack skills or a determination to work, it is more that there are too few good jobs in existing firms,” he said.

While the importance of the gig economy has been emphasised in the 12MP, one of the major concerns is that the gig economy in Malaysia is often linked to "lowly jobs" such as delivery riders and e-hailing drivers who constantly work in an environment with lack of proper welfare protection.

To prevent gig workers, especially fresh graduates, from falling into such a "low-value-added-job trap”, Williams is of the view that the government should provide a good, transparent and supportive environment with less interference.

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